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經濟崩壞的新生存指南:「多職能工作者」

2014-09-29 18:20

與其天馬行空地找創業點子,不如實實在在地列出、並整合自己的所有專長,為客戶提供服務,這不就是一條自立門戶的道路嗎?

「我要創業!」大四那年,J 小姐就立下這個職涯目標。新聞系畢業的她,出了社會自然而然投入媒體做記者,她特別選擇跑財經與商業路線,一心以為自己會在商界訪談的耳濡目染下,忽然想出什麼好的生意點子。然而,即使出國念了個 MBA(企管碩士)回來,她仍然不知道要創什麼業。直到有一天,她拿到了一張美國人的名片,上面印著大學教職、企業顧問、編劇等多元專業。對方說:"I listed all the things I can do well and made my own portfolio career." 從此以後,「portfolio career」(多職能工作組合)一詞深植J 小姐的心中,她想,與其天馬行空地找創業點子,不如實實在在地列出、並整合自己的所有專長,為客戶提供服務,這不就是一條自立門戶的道路嗎?

進入本文前,請先想想以下單字:

(A)有利可圖的 (B)務實的 (C)適應性

The word "portfolio" is often used to describe a collection of assets held by an institution or a private individual to ensure a stable return of investment. It is based on the concept of not putting all your eggs in one basket. The idea of a "portfolio career" is just like that. It involves multiple identities and the income may come from part-time employment, temporary work, freelance assignments or a personal business. Some portfolio careerists even have a full-time job, but will arrange their time to pursue other (A) lucrative interests.

「投資組合」一詞經常用來指機構或個人持有的多元資產,藉此確保穩定的投資收益。它的基本概念就是避免把所有的雞蛋都放在同一個籃子裡。而「多職能工作組合」也是同樣的想法。一個多職能工作者可能具備多重身份,收入也來自不同管道,譬如兼職工作、臨時業務、外包案件或個人事業等,有些人甚至仍保有全職工作,再另外善用時間去追求其他有利可圖的業務。

A Portfolio Career is undoubtedly an emerging trend. Barrie Hopson, co-author of "10 Steps to Creating a Portfolio Career" says that this type of career offers a safety net—if you lose one or choose to quit a job, you'll still have other sources of income, which is very attractive during the economic recession. (1) On the other hand, a much more fulfilling work-life blend is offered—for some people, it is even more rewarding than paychecks. "Increasingly, people are finding that they don't want to do the same thing (2)day in and day out," Hopson says. "The traditional, single-track career pattern of the last century is now more difficult to find, and if you do pursue that, you'll almost certainly have to move between companies."

「多職能工作組合」無疑是職場的一種新趨勢。暢銷書《創造多職能工作組合的十個步驟》作者之一巴里 • 霍普生表示,這樣的工作形式提供了一張安全網—如果你丟了工作或者選擇辭職,你仍然會有其他收入來源,這個優點在經濟衰退時期非常有吸引力。另一方面,人們藉由這種方式獲得更充實的工作與生活配置—對某些人來說,這比實質的薪資更有價值。「人們漸漸發現自己並不想每天都在做同樣的事,現今也很難找到像上個世紀一樣傳統而單一路線的職涯模式,倘若你追求的是那種舊時代的職涯,你幾乎肯定要在不同的公司間跳來跳去。」

Creating a portfolio career is also a (B) down-to-earth way to start a business. After figuring out which skills you have and how you can make them work, you may (3)carve out a career for yourself.

建立「多職能工作組合」也是一種務實的創業方式。在了解自己擁有什麼技能,以及如何藉由這些技能生存,你或許就能闖出一番事業。

Even if you don't have a plan to leave the traditional work environment, you should still have the spirit of a portfolio careerist. By juggling multiple careers, you have increased flexibility and (C) adaptability, which are two key skills every employee in this post-economic downturn needs to succeed in the future.

即使你沒有離開傳統工作環境的打算,也應該具備多職能工作者的精神,因為將多個工作玩弄於股掌之間,你會變得靈活而有適應性,這兩項特質是職場人士在後經濟衰退時代取得成功的關鍵條件。

口語字彙

(1) On the other hand 另一方面

e.g.: Investing in a stock market can be profitable. On the other hand, we should also take the risks we might encounter into consideration.

投資股市是有利可圖的。但另一方面,也要將可能遇到的風險列入考量範圍。

這檔基金加碼投資美國股市。

(2) Day in and day out 日復一日; 每天

e.g.: Jessica has worked day in and day out for this company for twenty years.

Jessica 每天上下班,已經在這家公司工作二十年的時間了。

(3) carve out 原意是「雕刻」,這裡指的是比較抽象的「開創」、「規劃」出自己的未來。(3) carve out 原意是「雕刻」,這裡指的是比較抽象的「開創」、「規劃」出自己的未來。

e.g.: It's difficult to carve out a niche in a design industry.

要在設計產業有一席之地是很困難的。

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